Cannabis can be broken down into three main families, sativa, indica and ruderalis. Sativa and indica are generally the best known to cannabis users while ruderalis is more commonly referred to as: hemp. Despite their similarities, these 3 families have some differences and their usefulness may vary from one to another.
The plant is made up of several cannabioids that can have different benefits. To date, the 2 most well-known and studied are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
These are the 3 categories of cannabis that can be found. Indicas and sativas are the primary categories while hybrids arise from a cross between these. Each of the different cannabis genetics fall into one of these 3 categories. It makes it possible to classify cannabis in order to be able to better understand the effects it will have during its consumption.
Cannabis indica works on a physical level. They also provide in the majority of cases greater psychoactive effect than sativas. The effects can be characterized as being relaxants, sedatives and pain relievers. Consumption of indica cannabis is generally recommended to promote sleep, sleep disorder or to relax after a day of work.
Cannabis sativas tend to be more cerebral in acting on creativity, a boost of energy while giving a feeling of euphoria. Consumption of cannabis sativa is generally recommended during the day.